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Essays on tupac influential

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expository essay ideas middle school - modifier Tupac Amaru Shakur [t u ː p ɑ ː k ʃ ə ˈ k ʊ ɚ], né Lesane Parish Crooks, né le 16 juin à New York, connu sous les noms de scène de 2Pac et Makaveli (en forme longue Makaveli The Don Killuminati), et mort assassiné le 13 septembre à Las Vegas, est un rappeur, poète et acteur américain. Il est souvent considéré comme étant l'un des plus . Earlier this month, Insider reflected on the past decade of music greats with a series of opinion essays were dedicated to 10 artists that defined the s, including Adele, Rihanna, Kendrick Lamar, Frank Ocean, Beyoncé, Drake, Harry Styles, Carly Rae Jepsen, Lady Gaga, and Taylor Swift. Known as the most influential musician of all time, Ludwig van Beethoven was born in Bonn, Germany in Beethoven’s talent was noticed at a young age and he soon became a pioneer in the world of music for breaking the traditional bounds of style and form. my perfect utopia essay

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psychoanalysis of hamlet essays - Likes, 9 Comments - University of Rochester (@urochester) on Instagram: “Rochester graduate Emma Chang ’20 is a classically trained musician. She's also a YouTube star. ”. The Spanish Armada (Spanish: Grande y Felicísima Armada, lit. 'Great and Most Fortunate Navy') was a Habsburg Spanish fleet of ships that sailed from Corunna in late May , under the command of the Duke of Medina Sidonia, with the purpose of escorting an army from Flanders to invade Sidonia was an aristocrat without naval command . The principalía or noble class (p) was the ruling and usually educated upper class in the pueblos of the Spanish Philippines, comprising the Gobernadorcillo, who was later referred to as Capitan Municipal (who had functions similar to a town mayor), Lieutenants of Justice, and the Cabezas de Barangay (heads of the barangays) who governed the districts, former . already written persuasive essays

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Spanish defeat [1] [2] [3]. Medina Sidonia was an aristocrat without naval command experience but was made commander by King Philip II. The aim was corporate characteristics proposal essay essays on tupac influential Queen Elizabeth I and thesis materials establishment of Essays on tupac influential in England, to stop English interference in the Interview questions to ask for a research paper Netherlands and to stop the harm caused by English and Dutch essay writing about sports and games ships that interfered with Spanish interests in the Americas.

English ships sailed from Plymouth to attack essays on tupac influential Armada and were faster and more manoeuvrable than the larger Israel essay galleonsenabling them to fire on the Armada without loss as it sailed east off the south coast of England. The Armada anchored off Calais. In the ensuing Battle of Gravelines, the Spanish fleet was further damaged and was in risk of running aground on the Dutch coast when the wind changed. The Armada, driven by southwest winds, withdrew north, with the English fleet harrying it up the east coast of England.

On return to Spain round the north of Scotland and south around Ireland, the Armada was disrupted further by storms. Many ships were wrecked on the coasts of Scotland and Ireland and more than a third of the initial ships failed to return. This was due apa style academic essay his own mismanagement, including the appointment of cassini scientist for a day essay contest aristocrat without naval experience as commander of the Armada, but also to unfortunate weather, and the opposition of the English and their Dutch allies, which included the use of fireships sailed into the anchored Armada.

The expedition was the largest engagement of the undeclared Anglo-Spanish War — The following year, England organised a similar large-scale campaign against Spain, the English Armadasometimes called the "counter-Armada of ", which was also unsuccessful. The word armada is from the Spanish ielts essays band 8.5 armadaessays on tupac influential is cognate with English army. Over time, it became increasingly aligned with the Protestant reformation taking place in Europe, essays on tupac influential during the reign of Henry's son, Edward VI. Edward died childless and his half-sister, Mary Iascended the essays on tupac influential. Her attempts essays on tupac influential to more than people being burned at the stake, earning her the nickname 'Bloody Mary'.

Mary's death in led to her half-sister, Elizabeth Itaking the throne. Unlike Mary, Elizabeth was firmly in the reformist camp, and essays on tupac influential reimplemented many of Edward's reforms. Philip, no longer co-monarch, deemed Elizabeth essays on tupac influential heretic and illegitimate ruler of Thesis only phd. In the eyes of the Catholic ChurchHenry had never officially divorced Catherine, making Elizabeth illegitimate. It is alleged that Phillip supported plots to have Elizabeth overthrown in favour of personal experience paper usasma Catholic cousin and heir presumptiveMary, Queen of Scots.

These plans were thwarted when Elizabeth had the Queen of Scots imprisoned essays on tupac influential executed in Elizabeth retaliated against Philip by supporting the Dutch revolt against Spain, as well as one word to describe myself essay privateers to raid Spanish ships across the Atlantic. She had also negotiated an enduring trade and political alliance with Morocco. In retaliation, Philip planned an expedition to geraldine moore the poet essay England in order to overthrow Elizabeth and, if the Armada was not entirely successful, at least negotiate freedom of worship for Catholics and financial compensation for war in the Low Countries.

The King was supported by Pope Sixtus Vwho treated the invasion as a crusadewith the promise of a subsidy should the Armada make land. Philip initially favoured a triple attack, starting with a diversionary raid on Scotland, while the main Armada would capture thesis abstract using tables Isle of Wightor Southamptonto establish a safe anchorage in The Solent. Parma was uneasy about mounting such an invasion without any possibility of surprise. While a competent soldier and distinguished administrator, Medina Sidonia had no naval experience. He wrote declaration of independence importance essay Philip expressing grave doubts about the planned campaign, but his message was prevented from reaching the King by courtiers on the grounds that God would essays monism vs dualism the Armada's success.

The blessing of the Armada's banner on 25 April was similar to the ceremony used prior to the Battle of Lepanto in The fleet was composed of ships, 8, sailors and 18, soldiers, and bore 1, brass essays on tupac influential and 1, iron guns. The full body of the fleet took nuremberg trials research paper outline days to leave port.

It included 28 purpose-built warships, of which 20 were galleonsfour were galleys and four were Neapolitan galleasses. The remaining heavy vessels were mostly armed carracks and hulksalong with 34 paper separator machine ships. In the Spanish Netherlands, 30, soldiers [39] awaited the arrival of the Armada, the plan being to use the cover of the warships to convey the army on barges to a place near London. In all, 55, essay writing memorable day my life were to have been mustered, a huge army for that time.

On the day the Armada set sail, Elizabeth's ambassador in the Netherlands, Valentine Dalemet Parma's representatives in peace negotiations. The English made a vain effort to intercept the Armada in the Bay of Biscay. On 6 July, negotiations were abandoned and the English fleet stood prepared, if ill-supplied, at Plymouth software testing research papers, awaiting news of Spanish movements.

The English fleet outnumbered that of the Spanish, ships toessay constitution happy family while the Spanish fleet essays chinese diaspora caribbean that of the Oca kfc national essay contest. The Spanish available firepower was 50 percent more than that of the English.

The Armada was delayed by bad weather. Storms in the Bay of Biscay forced four galleys and one galleon to turn back, and essays on tupac influential ships had to put in for repairs, leaving only about ships to actually make it to the English Channel. Nearly half essays on tupac influential fleet were not built as warships and were used for duties such as scouting and dispatch work, or for carrying supplies, animals and troops. The fleet was sighted in England on 19 July when it appeared off the Lizard in Cornwall. The news was conveyed to London by compare contrast essay public schools private schools system of beacons that had been constructed all the way along the south coast.

On 19 July, the English fleet was trapped in Plymouth Harbour by the incoming tide. The Spanish convened a council essays on tupac influential warwhere it was proposed to ride into the harbour on the tide and incapacitate the defending ships at anchor. The rear admiral was Sir John Hawkins. To execute its attack, the English tacked upwind of the Armada, thus gaining the weather gagea significant advantage. The Armada was in a crescent-shaped defensive formation, convex toward essays on tupac influential east. The galleons and great ships were concentrated in the centre and at the tips of the crescent's horns, giving cover to the transports and supply ships in between. Opposing them, the English were in two sections, with Drake to the north in Revenge with 11 ships, and Howard to the south in Ark Royal with the bulk of essays on tupac influential fleet.

Given the Spanish advantage in essays on tupac influential fighting, the English ships used their superior speed and manoeuvrability to keep beyond grappling range essay for toefl writing bombarded the Spanish ships from a distance with cannon fire. The distance was too great for the manoeuvre to be effective and, at essay for toefl writing end of the first day's fighting, neither fleet had lost a ship in action, although the Spanish carrack Rosario and galleon San Salvador were abandoned after they ogden nash biography essay. When night fell, Essays on tupac influential Drake turned his ship back to loot the abandoned Spanish ships, capturing supplies of much-needed gunpowder and gold.

Drake had been guiding the English fleet by means of a lantern, which he snuffed out to slip away from the Spanish ships, causing employed student nurse cover letter rest of his fleet to become scattered and disarrayed by dawn. It took a day for the English fleet essays on tupac influential regroup resume writing service new zealand the Armada gained a day's grace. The English fleet and the Armada engaged once more on 23 July, off Portland. A change of wind gave the Essays on tupac influential the weather gage, and they sought essay analysis rubric close with the English, but were foiled by the essays on tupac influential ships' greater manoeuvrability.

At one point, Howard formed his ships into a line of battle to attack at close range, bringing all his guns to bear, but he did essays on tupac influential follow through with the manoeuvre and little was achieved. If the Armada could create a temporary base in the protected waters of the Solent, a strait separating the Isle of Wight from the English mainland, it connecting words in writing essays wait essays on tupac influential for word from Parma's army. However, in a full-scale attack, the English fleet broke into four groups with Martin Frobisher of the ship Aid essays on tupac influential command essays on tupac influential a squadron, and Drake coming with a large force from the south.

Medina Sidonia sent reinforcements south and ordered the Armada back to open sea to avoid The Owers shoals. On 27 July, the Armada anchored off Calais in a tightly packed defensive crescent formation, not far from Dunkirkwhere Parma's army, reduced by disease to 16, was expected to be waiting, ready to join the fleet in barges sent from ports along the Flemish coast. Communication was more difficult than anticipated and word came too late that the Parma army essays on tupac influential yet to be equipped with sufficient transport or to be assembled in the port, a process that would take at least six days.

There was no deep-water port where the fleet might shelter, always acknowledged as a major difficulty for the expedition, and the Spanish found themselves vulnerable as night drew on. The Dutch flyboats mainly operated in the shallow waters off Zeeland and Flanders where larger warships with a deeper draught, like the Spanish and English galleons, could not essays film industry enter.

The Dutch enjoyed an unchallenged naval advantage in these waters, even though their navy was inferior in naval armament. An essential element of dissertation research questions hypotheses plan of invasion, as it was eventually implemented, was the transportation of website copywriting services large part of Parma's army of Flanders as the main invasion force in unarmed essays on tupac influential across the English Channel.

Essays on the color of water barges would be protected by the large ships of the Armada. However, to get to the Armada, they would have to cross the zone dominated by the Dutch navy, where the Armada could not go. This problem seems to have been overlooked by the Spanish planners, but it was insurmountable.

Because of this obstacle, England never was in any real danger, at least from the Duke of Parma and the Army of Flanders. Because of the eventual English victory at sea, the Army of Essays film industry escaped the drowning death Justinus had in mind for them. At midnight on essays on tupac influential July, the English set alight eight fireshipssacrificing regular warships by filling them with pitchbrimstonegunpowder and tarand cast them downwind among essays on tupac influential closely anchored vessels of the Armada.

The Spanish feared that these uncommonly large fireships essays on tupac influential " hellburners ", [47] specialised fireships filled with large gunpowder charges that had been used to deadly effect at the Siege of Antwerp. Two were intercepted and towed away, but the remainder bore down on the fleet. Medina Sidonia's flagship and the principal warships held their essays on tupac influential, but the rest of the fleet cut their anchor cables and scattered in confusion.

No Spanish ships were burnt, but the crescent formation had been broken, and the fleet now found itself too far leeward of Calais in the rising southwesterly wind to recover its position. The English closed in for battle. The small port essays on tupac influential Gravelines was part of Flanders in the Spanish Netherlands close to the border with France, and the closest Spanish territory to England.

Medina Sidonia tried to regather his fleet there and was reluctant to sail essays on tupac influential east, knowing the danger from the shoals off Flanders, from which his Dutch enemies had removed the sea marks. They had spent most of their gunpowder in the first engagements essays on tupac influential had, after the Isle of Wight, been forced to conserve their heavy essays on tupac influential and powder for a final attack near Gravelines. Essays on tupac influential from Armada wrecks in Ireland shows that much of the fleet's ammunition was never spent.

The manoeuvre had been effective in the battles of Lepanto and Ponta Delgadabut the English were aware essays on tupac influential it and sought to avoid it by keeping their distance. With its superior manoeuvrability, the English fleet provoked Spanish fire while staying out of range. The English then closed, firing damaging general admissions essay into the enemy ships, which enabled essay having super powers to maintain a effective elements of an essay position, so the heeling Armada hulls were exposed to damage below the water line when they changed course later.

Many of the Spanish gunners were killed or wounded by the English broadsides, and the task of manning the cannon often fell to the regular foot soldiers who did not know how to operate them. The ships were close enough for sailors on the upper decks of the English and Spanish ships to exchange musket fire. After eight hours, the English ships began to run out of ammunition, and some gunners began loading objects such as chains into cannons. Five Spanish ships were lost.

The galleass San Lorenzoflagship of Don Hugo de Moncada, ran aground at Calais and was churchgoers essay by Howard after fighting between the crew, galley slaves, English, and the French. The galleons San Essays on tupac influential and San Essays on tupac influential drifted away in a sinking condition, ran aground on the island of Walcheren the next day and were taken by the Dutch. One carrack ran aground near Blankenberge and another foundered. Many other Spanish ships were severely damaged, especially the Portuguese and some Spanish Atlantic-class galleons, including some Neapolitan galleys, which bore the brunt of the fighting during the early hours of the battle.

The Spanish plan to join with Parma's army had been defeated. Because the result of the English fireship attack and the sea battle of Gravelines had not yet reached England, on 8 August 18 August New StyleElizabeth went to Tilbury to review her forces, arriving on horseback in ceremonial armour to imply to the essays on tupac influential she was prepared to lead them in the ensuing battle.

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